Libraries develop their collections

Libraries develop their collections and catalogue them. Library collection is a term that encompasses books and other items in a library, and cataloguing is the process of assigning call numbers to books. This is to say that every book ought to get a unique number accompanied by three letters identifying who wrote that particular book. That is the call number, in short.

Collection development
Collection development policy

Collection development is a policy and process undertaken to acquire books and other items for libraries. Usually, librarians or information professionals carry out the task of identifying, selecting, and acquiring books and other items for their libraries. It is a tricky, tedious process that requires skills, accuracy, and precise guidelines. 

Most libraries purchase books from book vendors, not directly from publishers. What are book vendors? They are booksellers that buy books from publishers and supply them to libraries at agreed-upon prices. 

Nowadays, publishers do not directly sell their commodity to the libraries; rather, they only receive manuscripts from authors and publish them. While the libraries purchase new books, they also discard obsolete or unwanted books based on a weeding policy. 

For easy shelving and access, libraries organize books and catalogue them under subject areas. What is cataloguing by the way? Cataloguing provides information about the particular book, such as the author’s name, book title, and subject terms that describe the book. Every book has to be analyzed, put under a category, and catalogued. Cataloguing is either done by the libraries or they outsource the job to other agencies specializing in that area. Of course, all books must fall under the Dewy decimal classification system. 

Libraries continually work hard to augment and update their collections to satisfy patrons’ reading and informational needs. They purchase books and other needed items from reliable vendors. After that, the libraries catalogue the bought items on-site or subcontract them to other cataloguing agencies. It is also part of the collection development to weed out unwanted items. Instead of trashing them, though, discarded books are put in boxes so that anyone who needs them can take them.