Artificial intelligence turns science fiction into reality

As said in the preceding article, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has turned science fiction dreams into reality. Intelligence is a quality associated with humans as neither animals nor other living beings have intelligence. And that is why machine learning tools are called artificial intelligence because theirs is not real intelligence; it is an artificial intelligence, mimicking people’s brains. 

Everything has a purpose and a unique name. Artificial intelligence is a name given to machine learning. Machine learning is the science that focuses on organizing and using algorithmic data that enables machines to imitate the way people learn, think, and carry out needed tasks. John McCarthy, an American computer scientist, coined the term “Artificial Intelligence”, but Alan Turing was the first scientist to undertake substantial research in the field. Alan Turing (born on 23 June 1912 and died on 7 June 1954) was a British mathematician and computer scientist. He had mentioned the term artificial intelligence in a lecture he delivered in London in 1948. 

Alan Turing
Alan Turing

Like Sci-fi writers, he foresaw an era when computers and smartphones would talk, think, and execute duties originally delegated to humans. Because of his immense contribution to the computer science field, he is called the father of computer technology. In 1950, he posed a question: Can machines think? From there, he expanded on that question by researching and writing various essays about the future of AI. In his paper, “Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” Mr. Turing dissected the possibility of having machines that could rationally think and shoulder human beings’ responsibilities and tasks. He had laid the ground for what later became the “Turing Test or imitation games”, where machines would behave like people. 

The Turing Test is a method in which to test and determine whether a computer can think like a human being. For example, can Siri pass the Turing Test? Siri is an AI tool designed to digitally assist people in answering simple questions, such as How is the weather today? Computer scientists specializing in the AI industry have concluded that Siri could not pass the Turing Test. Which AI tool can or cannot pass the Turing Test is a matter left for AI specialists. 

AI tools are not on the same footing. Some are powerful; others are less powerful. It depends on what they are designed for. For example, Amazon’s Alexa, and Apple’s Face ID are two AI tools designed to function differently. While Alexa can read the latest headlines for users or dim their living room lights, Apple Face ID enables people to securely unlock their iPhones, buy goods online, and sign into other apps. Face recognition uses an AI algorithm to detect people’s faces and authenticate them. It can either approve or disapprove of one’s face, as simple as that, eh? Amazing, right?

Having achieved desired goals, computer scientists experience a catharsis. That emotional release of tension enables them to celebrate and pat themselves on the back. An artificial intelligence playground is not a place for weaklings. It requires brilliant minds that strive to unearth an unprecedented technology aimed at enhancing people’s lifestyles.